Scientific Publications



Dr Stephen Baines


Head of Oncology

RCVS Specialist in Small Animal Surgery
European Specialist in Small Animal Surgery
RCVS Specialist in Veterinary Oncology


JSAP Feb 2022 – Outcome of superficial brachial axial pattern flaps used to close skin defects in dogs: 16 cases (1996-2019) E. Villedieu,M. C. Nolff,S. Del Magno,T. Emmerson,E. Field,R. Hattersley,B. De La Puerta,R. A. Ragni ,S. J. Baines JAAHA May/June 2022

Speakman, A. J., Baines, S. J., Williams, J. M., Kelly D. F. (1997) Zygomatic salivary cyst with mucocoele formation in a cat. Journal of Small Animal Practice 38 468-470

Baines, S. J., Speakman, A. J., Williams, J. M., Cheeseman, M. T. (1999) Genitourinary dysplasia in a cat. Journal of Small Animal Practice 40 286-290

Baines, S. J., McCormick, D., McInnes, E., Dunn, J. K., Dobson, J. M., McConnell, I. (2000) Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma mimicking cutaneous histiocytosis: differentiation by flow cytometry. Veterinary Record 147 11-16

Baines, S. J., Gardner, J., Allnutt, R., White, R. A. S. (2000) The deep pectoral muscle flap in the cat: its vascular supply and potential use. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology 13 141-145

Baines, S. J., Rennie, S., White, R. A. S. (2001) Prepubic urethrostomy: a long term study in 16 cats. Veterinary Surgery 30 107-113

Baines, S. J., Langley-Hobbs, S. (2001) Horner’s syndrome associated with a mandibular symphyseal fracture and bilateral temporomandibular luxation in a cat. Journal of Small Animal Practice 42 607-610

Baines, S. J., Lewis, S., White, R. A. S. (2002) Primary mesenchymal tumours of the thoracic wall: a long term study of 46 dogs. Veterinary Record 150 335-339

Baines, S. J., Bujdoso, R.B., Blacklaws, A., Mc Innes, E., Moore, P.F., McConnell, I. (2002) Maturation states of dendritic cells in a canine dendritic cell tumour. Advances in Veterinary Dermatology 4 131-141

Adams, J., Mellanby, R. J., Villiers, E., Baines, S. J., Woodger, N. (2004) Acute B cell lymphoblastic leukaemia in a 12 week old Greyhound. Journal of Small Animal Practice 45 553-557

 Hayward, N. J., Baines, S. J., Baines, E. A., Herrtage, M. E. (2004) The radiographic appearance of the pulmonary vasculature in the cat. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 45 501-504

Shales, C. J., Warren, J., Anderson, D. M., Baines, S. J., White, R. A. S. (2005) Complications following full-thickness small intestinal biopsy in 66 dogs: a retrospective study. Journal of Small Animal Practice 46 317-321

 Villiers, E., Baines, S. J., Law, A.-M., Mallows, V. (2006) Identification of acute myeloid leukaemia in dogs using flow cytometry with myeloperoxidase, Mac387 and a canine neutrophil-specific antibody. Veterinary Clinical Pathology 35 55-71

Wessmann, A., Volk, H., Shelton, G. D., Chandler, K., Baines, S. J., Capello, R. (2006) Portosystemic shunt associated with severe episodic weakness. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 20 1042-4

Owen, L., Grierson, J., Patterson-Kane, J. C., Baines, S. J. (2006) Lingual haemangiosarcoma in a dog. Irish Veterinary Journal 59 622-625

Hamilton, M. H., Sissener, T. R., Baines, S. J. (2006) Traumatic bilateral ureteric rupture in two dogs. Journal of Small Animal Practice 47 737-740

Ogden, D., Beck, A., Baines, S. J. (2007) Bilateral thyrohyoideus muscle rupture in a dog. Journal of Small Animal Practice 48 400-403

Halfacree, Z. J., Baines, S. J., Lipscomb, V. J., Grierson, J., Summers, B., Brockman, D. J. (2007) Use of a latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap for one-stage reconstruction of the thoracic wall after en bloc resection of primary rib chondrosarcoma in five dogs. Veterinary Surgery 36 587-592

Baines, S. J., Blacklaws, B. A., McInnes, E., McConnell (2007) CCH cells are potent stimulators in the allogeneic mixed leucocyte reaction. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 119 316-321

Fox, E., Lee, K., Lamb, C. R., Baines, S. J., Brockman, D. (2007) Congenital oesophageal stricture in a Japanese Shiba Inu. Journal of Small Animal Practice 48 709-712

Beck, A., Halfacree, Z., Baines, S. J., Lipscomb, V. (2007) Indications, outcomes and complications following lateral thoracotomy in dogs and cats Journal of Small Animal Practice 48 695-698

Knights, C., Lee, K., Rycroft, A., Patterson-Kane, J., Baines, S. J. (2008) Phaeohyphomycosis in cat caused by Ulocladium species. The Veterinary Record 162 415-416

Baines, S. J., McInnes, E., McConnell, I. (2008) E-cadherin expression in canine cutaneous histiocytoma. The Veterinary Record 162 509-513

Lefebvre, J. B., Langley-Hobbs, S. J., Baines, S. J., Jeffrey, N. (2008) Longitudinal overgrowth of the humeral diaphysis following fracture of the humeral condyle. Veterinary Surgery 37 545-551

Schoniger, S., Tivers, M., Baines, S. J., Summers, B. (2008) Arteriovenous haemangioma in two dogs and one cat. Journal of Comparative Pathology 139 130-136

Nicholson, I., Halfacree, Z., Whatmough, C., Mantis, P., Baines, S. J. (2008) Computed tomography as an aid to management of chronic oropharyngeal stick injury in the dog. Journal of Small Animal Practice 49 451-457

Loeffler, A., Baines, S. J., Edwards, E., Milsom, S., Toleman, M., Felmingham, D., Lloyd, D. H. (2008) In vitro activity of fusidic acid and mupirocin against coagulase-positive staphylococci from pets. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 62 1301-1304

Baines, E. A., Grandage, J., Herrtage, M. E., Baines, S. J. (2009) The radiographic appearance of the anticlinal vertebra in the dog. Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound 50 69-73

Dutton, E., Baines, S. J., Stedman, A. (2009) Prevalence of Chlamydophila psittaci positive cloacal PCR tests in wild avian casualty cases The Veterinary Record 164 16-17

Halfacree, Z. J., Wilson, A. M., Baines, S. J. (2009) In vitro performance of active suction drains. American Journal of Veterinary Research 70 283-289

Brockman, D. J., Borer, K. E., Baines, S. J., Hughes, D., Luis-Fuentes, V. (2009) Partial right ventriculectomy using the incised patch technique to treat double-chambered right ventricle and chylothorax in a cat. Veterinary Surgery 38 631-635

Elders, R, Baines, S. J., Catchpole, B. (2009) Susceptibility of the C2 canine mastocytoma cell line to tumour-necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 130 11-16

Cariou, M., Shihab, N., Kenny, P., Baines, S. J. (2009) Surgical management of an incidentally diagnosed true pleuroperitoneal hernia in a cat. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 11 873-877

Wenzlow, N., Tivers, M., Selmic, L., Scurrell, E., Baines, S. J., Smith, K. (2009) Haemangiosarcoma in the uterine stump of a spayed female dog. Journal of Small Animal Practice 50 488-491

Cariou, M., Lipscomb, V. L., Brockman, D. J., Gregory, S. P., Baines, S. J. (2009) Spontaneous gastroduodenal perforations in dogs: a retrospective study of 15 cases. Veterinary Record 165 436-441

Cariou, M., Halfacree, Z. J., Lee, K. C., Baines, S. J. (2010) Spontaneous gastroduodenal perforations in cats: a retrospective study. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 12 36-41

Levien, A. S., Summers, B. A., Szladovits, B., Benigni, L., Baines, S. J. (2010) Transformation of a thymic branchial cyst to a carcinoma with pulmonary metastasis in a dog. Journal of Small Animal Practice 51 604-608

Lynch, A. M., Bound, N. J., Halfacree, Z. J. Baines, S. J. (2011) Post-operative haemorrhage associated with active suction drains in two dogs. Journal of Small Animal Practice 52 172-174

Swinbourne, F., Baines, S. J., Baines, E. A., Halfacree, Z. J. (2011) Computed tomography appearance of dogs with pyothorax and relationship to surgical findings. Journal of Small Animal Practice 52 203-208

Elders, R., Holder, A., Baines, S. J., Catchpole, B. (2010) Targeted knockdown of canine KIT (stem cell factor) using RNA interference. Veterinary Immunology & Immunopathology 141 151-156

Adams, P., Halfacree, Z. J., Lamb, C. R., Smith, K. C., Baines, S. J. (2011) Zygomatic salivary mucocoele in a Lhasa Apso following maxillary tooth extraction. Veterinary Record 168 458-460

Bound, N., Upjohn, M., Baines, S. J. (2011) Assessment of veterinary practitioners in the British Isles’ approaches towards the management of canine osteoarthritis. Veterinary Record 168 563-569

Levien, A. S., Baines, S. J. (2011) Histological examination of the intestine from dogs and cats with intussusception. Journal of Small Animal Practice 52 599-606

Bowen, E. Mundy, P., Tivers, M. S., Mantis, P., Smyth, J., Syme, H., Baines, S. J. (2012) Duodenal Brunner’s gland adenoma causing chronic small intestinal obstruction in a dog. Journal of Small Animal Practice 53 136-139

Nicholson, I., Baines, S. J. (2012) Complications associated with temporary tracheostomy tubes in 42 dogs (1998 to 2007). Journal of Small Animal Practice 53 108-114

Wignall, J., Baines, S. J. (2011) The effect of unilateral arytenoid lateralisation technique and suture tension on airway pressure in the canine larynx. American Journal of Veterinary Research 73 917-924

Knights, C., Mateus, A., Baines, S. J. (2011) Current British veterinary attitudes to the use of prophylactic antibiotics in small animal surgery. Veterinary Record 170 646-651

Woodbridge, N., Baines, E. A., Baines, S. J. (2012) Otitis media associated with soft palate abnormalities in 5 cats. Journal of Small Animal Practice 171 124-128

Philp, H. S., Rhodes, M., Parry, A., Baines, S. J. (2012) Canine zygomatic salivary mucocoele following suspected oropharyngeal stick injury Veterinary Record 171 402-3

Meakin, L., Salonen, L., Baines, S. J., Gregory, S. P., Lipscomb V. L., Grierson J., Halfacree, Z. J., Brockman, D. J., Lee, K. (2013) Prevalence, outcome and risk factors for postoperative pyothorax in 232 dogs undergoing thoracic surgery. Journal of Small Animal practice 54 313-7

Oxley B, Gemmill TJ, Pink J, Clarke S, Parry A, Baines S J, Malcolm McKee W. (2013) Precision of a novel computed tomographic method for quantification of femoral varus in dogs and an assessment of the effect of femoral malpositioning. Veterinary Surgery 42 751-8

Hall JL, Holmes MA, Baines SJ (2013) Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of canine urinary tract pathogens. Vet Rec. 2013 173 549

Wignall JR, Baines SJ (2013) The effect of cuff presence and cuff inflation on airway pressure in a canine tracheostomy tube model. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care 24 182-7

Pye, G. W., Gait, S. G., Mulot, B., Real de Asua, M. D., Martinez-Nevado, E., Bonar, C. J., Baines, S. J., Baines, E. A. (2013) Metabolic bone disease in juvenile koalas (Phascolartcos cinereus) Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 44 273-9

Kalff S, Butterworth SJ, Miller A, Keeley B, Baines S J, McKee WM.(2014) Lateral patellar luxation in dogs: a retrospective study of 65 dogs. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology 27 130-4

Elders RC, Holder A, Smith KC, Baines SJ, Catchpole B. (2014) Recombinant canine IgE Fc and an IgE Fc-TRAIL fusion protein bind to neoplastic canine mast cells. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 159 29-40

Bristow PC, Halfacree ZJ, Baines SJ (2015) A retrospective study of the use of active suction wound drains in dogs and cats. Journal of Small Animal Practice 56 325-30

Mellinas-Gomez M, Spanswick VJ, Paredes-Moscosso SR, Robson M, Pedley RB, Thurston DE, Baines SJ, Stell A, Hartley JA (2015) Activity of the DNA minor groove cross-linking agent SG2000 (SJG-136) against canine tumours. BMC Vet Research 11 215-223

Field EJ, Kelly G, Pleuvry D, Demetriou J, Baines SJ (2015) Indications, outcome and complications with axial pattern skin flaps in dogs and cats: 73 cases. Journal of Small Animal Practice 56 698-706

Robinson WP, Elliott J, Baines SJ, Owen L, Shales CJ, (2017) Intramuscular mast cell tumours in 7 dogs, Canadian Veterinary Journal 58 931–935.

ChiwittCLH, Baines SJ, Mahoney P, Tanner A, Heinrich CL, Rhodes M, Featherstone HJ. (2017) Ocular biometry by computed tomography in different dog breeds. Veterinary Ophthalmology 20 411-419

Treggiari E, Elliott JW, Baines SJ, Blackwood L. (2018) Temozolomide alone or in combination with doxorubicin as a rescue agent in 37 cases of canine multicentric lymphoma. Veterinary and Comparative Oncology 16 194-201

Proot JLJ, Jeffery N, Culp WTN, Buracco P, de la Puerta B, Williams JM, Ladlow JF, Field EJ, Nelissen P, Ragni RA, Pope JFA, Baines SJ, Liptak JM, Nicholson I. (2018) Is the caudal auricular axial pattern flap robust? A multi-centre cohort study of 16 dogs and 12 cats (2005 to 2016). Journal of Small Animal Practice 60:102-106

Hall EL, Baines EA, Baines SJ. (2018) Atypical lateral tracheal collapse in a Yorkshire terrier. Journal of Small Animal Practice doi: 10.1111/jsap.12954.

Conte A, Scurrell E, Baines SJ. (2018) Glomus cell tumour on the head of a cat. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Open Reports 4 doi: 10.1177/2055116918801033

Ravicini S,Baines SJ, Taylor A, Amores-Fuster I, Mason SL, Treggiari E. (2018) Outcome and prognostic factors in medically treated canine prostatic carcinomas: A multi-institutional study. Veterinary and Comparative Oncology 16:450-458

Hall EL, Baines SJ, Bilmont A, Oxley, B (2019) Accuracy of patient-specific three-dimensional-printed osteotomy and reduction guides for distal femoral osteotomy in dogs with medical patellar luxation. Veterinary Surgery 48 584-591

Chiara Penzo


RCVS Specialist in Veterinary Oncology
EBVS® European Veterinary Specialist in Small Animal Oncology

Peer Reviewed Papers

C Dedola, L Ordeix, C Penzo. (2014) Indagine su aspetti clinici e terapeutici del 4 linfoma cutaneo epiteliotropo nel cane. [English: survey on clinical and therapeutical aspects of Canine Epitheliotrophic Lymphoma] Veterinaria n 4 Agosto 2014

Petterino C, Penzo C, A Ide. (2014) Primary haemangiosarcoma of the tibia in a dog: 4 clinical and pathological findings. Comparative Clinical Pathology23(1): 241-244.

Lanevschi-Pietersma, S. Boroffka, Y. Martinez-Pereira, C Penzo, R. Pizzi, H. Rudorf, C. Tartarelli. (2011) Telemedicine: a time management and learning tool for vets and service clinics and what it can offer to pet owners. The European Journal of Companion Animal Practice 21(1): 1-4.

Penzo C, Ross M, Muirhead R, Else R, Argyle DJ. (2009) Effect of recombinant feline interferon-ω alone and in combination with chemotherapy agents on putative tumour initiating cells and daughter cells derived from canine and feline mammary tumours. Veterinary and Comparative OncologyDec;7(4):222-9.

Schmiedt CW, Penzo C, Schwab MC, Dubielzig R, McAnulty JF. (2006) Use of capecitabine to prevent acute renal allograft rejection in DEA-matched dogs. Veterinary Surgery35(2): 113-124.


Continuing Education Articles

Penzo C. Conjunctival swelling and intermittent vomiting in a dog. VetCPD Journal n.1 December 2014 pg 39-41

Penzo C. Chronic ad weight loss in a cat. VetCPD Journal n.1 April 2014 pg 19-22

Penzo C. Gastric alimentary lymphoma in a cat. La Settimana Veterinaria 05/03/2014 n864[In Italian]

Penzo C. Lymphadenopathy in a dog. La Settimana Veterinaria 25/09/2013 n844 [In Italian]

Penzo C. Health and Safety on the Handling and Use of Cytotoxic Drugs in Small Animal Practice. AIVPA Journal 4/2013. [In Italian]

Penzo C, Stefanelli D. Clinical approach to the oncology patient and principles of anticancer therapy. AIVPA Journal 1/2013. [In Italian]

Penzo C, Lanevschi-Pietersma S. Teleoncology as a practice tool to extend access to quality cancer care. In Practice 2012, 34:608-612

Penzo C. Caring for animals with cancer. Vet Record Careers, May 2012.

Penzo C. Canine cutaneous mast cell tumours FAQs.  Consulta de Difusion Veterinaria. 2012.


Book Chapters

C Penzo, EP Spugnini. May 2014 Chemioterapia. PLUS Chapter: Principi attivi [English: Active principles] – Pharmacology
information of individual chemotherapy drugs. In: Prontuario Terapeutico Veterinario. 6^ Edition 2014. Edizioni Veterinarie, Cremona (Italy). (Title in English: Chemotherapy. In: Veterinary Formulary)


Abstracts/Posters/Oral Presentations

Petterino C, Penzo C, Ide A. (2013). Clinical pathological findings of primary hemangiosarcoma of the tibia in a dog. 15th ESVCP- ECVCP Congress 6-6 November 2013, Berlin, Germany.

Rütgen BC, Henriques J, Brun-Hansen H, Castagnaro M, Comazzi S, Fernandes A,  Gentilini F, Grabarevic Z, Guscetti F, Hammer SE, Hirschberger J, Ibisch C, Lanore D,  Mortarino M, Nolte I, Pascotto E, Penzo C, Ponce F, Riondato F, Tomè P, Turba ME, Vajdovich P. (2011). The European canine lymphoma network – an invitation for joining. Poster presented at ESVONC Meeting 2011, Glasgow (UK).

Pang LY, Penzo C, Blacking TM, Argyle DJ. (2010). Resistance to radiation and chemotherapy of cancer stem cells derived from feline breast cancer. ESVONC Meeting. Torino, Italy. March 2010.  

Penzo C, Muirhead R, Ross M, Else R, Argyle DJ. (2009). In vitro synergistic antiproliferative effect of Recombinant Feline Interferon-ω with chemotherapy agents on canine and feline mammary tumours.ESVONC Meeting. Budapest, Hungary. March 2009.

Penzo C, Blacking TM, Ross M, Muirhead R, Else R, Argyle DJ. (2008). Effect of recombinant feline interferon-ω on cancer stem cells isolated from canine and feline mammary tumours. ECVIM Meeting, Gent, Belgium. September 2008.

Penzo C, Else R, Muirhead R, Ross M, Argyle DJ. (2008). Identification and analysis of cancer stem cells from canine and feline mammary tumours. ESVONC-VCS Meeting, Copenhagen, Danmark. February 2008.

Penzo C, Busetto R, McKeegan DE. (2007). Attitudes toward small animal kidney transplantation among students of an Italian and a British veterinary school. ECVIM Meeting, Budapest, Hungary. September 2007.

Schmiedt CW, Penzo C, Schwab MC, Dubielzig R, McAnulty JF. (2005) Use of capecitabine to prevent acute renal allograft rejection in DEA-matched dogs. Acts of the 2005 ACVS Veterinary Symposium. October 2005. San Diego (CA). Veterinary Surgery 2005. 34(4): E22

Penzo C, McAnulty JF, Busetto R. (2005) Small animal Kidney Transplantation: Principles and Problems. Acts of the XII National Congress by S.I.C.V. (Italian Society of Veterinary Surgery).  Pisa (Italy). June 2005. (In Italian; abstract in English)

Iacopetti I, De Benedictis GM, Penzo C, Baldan N, Dedja A, Seveso M, Cozzi E, Ancona E, Busetto R. (2003).  Kidney xenotransplantation from hDAF transgenic pig to Macaca Fascicularis: analysis of the efficacy of two immunosuppressive protocols. Acts of the X National Congress by SICV. (Italian Society of Veterinary Surgery). Ozzano dell’Emilia (Bologna-Italy) June 2003. (In Italian; abstract in English)

Claire Williams


Veterinary Oncologist

Fournier Q, Serra JC, Williams C and Bavcar S (2020) Chemotherapy-induced diarrhoea in dogs and its management with smectite: results of a monocentric open-label randomized clinical trial. Veterinary and Comparative Oncology