A number of heart conditions can be treated using an interventional approach, including:
A significant proportion of the gastrointestinal tract can also be accessed with an endoscope allowing treatment of certain obstructions (oesophageal narrowing or stricture), removal of polyps and treatment of bile duct abnormalities (narrowing or gall stones).
Interventional endoscopy of the urinary tract has allowed the development of minimally invasive therapies for conditions that previously required abdominal surgery. This includes:
Many interventional procedures are particularly appropriate in managing patients with cancer which can frequently cause obstructions.
Problems with blood vessels can sometimes be resolved using fluoroscopy guidance, including liver shunts and blocked blood vessels (due to clots or tumours). Sometimes the blood supply to diseased areas (for example tumours) can be deliberately blocked in order to treat that disease, this is called embolisation.
Key-hole surgery has been utilised at Willows for some time for neutering female dogs, biopsying organs and exploring body cavities for disease.
Our orthopaedic Specialist regularly use arthroscopy to examine the inside of joints and to perform certain treatment including;