If the deformity is largely cosmetic rather than causing pain and lameness then conservative management may be recommended. Surgery is most appropriate when the deformity causes lameness or, in very young animals, to reduce the risk of a more serious problem developing.
Young dogs should be assessed as early as possible and are often treated as soon as possible to prevent progressive deformity. In adult animals, corrective surgery is elective and thus can be considered at any time if the response to conservative management is unsatisfactory.
The most common surgical procedures are: